NOTE:
*The
length of 6,080
feet arrived at for the Jewish mile in our recalculation is the common
conversion of the U.S. Nautical Mile. The
U.S. Nautical Mile is actually 6080.2
Imperial Feet. The common length used
for the Fathom is 6 Imperial feet, a difference of less than an inch
from the
fathom in Table 2. The length of the
Navy Cable is 100 Fathoms or 600 Imperial Feet, a difference of 8 feet
from the
Hebrew Furlong in the recalculated Table 2. It is interesting to
note
that the value of the Hebrew inch calculated in the above table is only
.0133
inches different from the Imperial unit.
**The
Parasang is
shown to be 3 Nautical Miles.
Could
the
recalculation of the Hebrew mile coinciding with the common conversion
value of
the Nautical Mile indicate the two have a common origin?
Were the
originators of the Hebrew system aware of and actually using the
Nautical Mile
(One minute of Longitude at the equator) as the basis for their
measures? It is interesting to note that the value shown
for the Inch (1.0133) gives a foot of 12.16 Imperial Inches.
An article by an unknown author found on the internet
headed “Greek
Foot” makes the following claims: “The
Greek stadia is known to be
600 Gk feet in length. An important
question to solve, therefore, is how long was the Gk and Roman foot? Accurate calculations will lead to the
relationship if any between the Greek foot and stadia length and a
possible
Egyptian geodetic connection. Greaves
from Cambridge in 1639 and
also Isaac Newton investigated
possible metrical associations. Other
scholars have also investigated see G. de Santillana and H. Von Dechend
they wrote a
very interesting work "Hamlets Mill". They
and others explored these ancient
measurements, concluding that the length of a Roman foot was 11.664
inches and
the Greek was 12.15 inches. This
conclusion has been supported to a high degree of accuracy by scholars
of Greek
architecture. Measurements of the Parthenon
both ancient and modern show it to have been constructed according to a
principal of proportionate length and width. Penrose
and others showed the length of the
Greek foot to be exactly 12.15 inches, a significant geodetic measure;
and that
the Parthenon proved its exact length. Given
that the ancient Greeks used 600 Greek ft for their Stadia the true
length of
the Greek Stadia is seen, therefore, to be exactly 607.5 ft (modern) or
1/10 of
a Nautical mile. In other words, the
ancient Greeks knew a minute of arc at the Latitude of Athens was equal
to 10
Stadia and indeed, our Nautical mile is defined as exactly 6075 ft, as
1/21,600
of the earth's circumference, that is, one minute of arc. This could of course be merely a coincidence. Is it also a coincidence that the Egyptian
measure of the Remen is found to be in proportion to the Greek Stadia? 500 Egyptian Remen equal exactly one Greek
Stadia.”
Another unknown author in an online Encyclopedia
article claims: “The foot as a measure was used in
almost all western cultures and was usually divided into 12, sometimes
10
inches/thumbs or into 16 fingers/digits. The
first known standard foot measure was from Sumer, where a definition is given in
a statue
of Gudea of Lagash from around 2575 BC. Some
Metrologists speculate that the imperial foot was adapted from an Egyptian
measure by the Greeks,
with a
subsequent larger foot being adopted by the Romans. Some
of the earliest records of the use of the
foot come from the region of ancient Greece. The
originators devised, or perhaps borrowed
from Egypt,
the degree of longitude, divided the circumference of the earth into
360
degrees, and subdivided the degree for shorter distances. One degree of longitude comprised 600 stadia.
One stadion was divided into 600 feet. Thus
the degree of longitude measured 360,000 feet. One
mile was 10 stadia or 6000 feet. This is
essentially the same mile that was (or
still is) used in the Western hemisphere, but the modern foot is longer
than
the original. This could be explained by
an ancient Egyptian measure of the degree of longitude made near Thebes
compared to a redefinition of the length of the foot referencing the
degree of
longitude at the equator. The difference
in the length of the geodesic foot measured at these two locations
would give
the modern mile, 6000 ancient Greek feet or 10 stadia, and 5280
equatorial
feet.^{]}
The
preponderance of evidence indicates that the Greek system
of measure originally came through Noah, who used the cubit when
constructing
the Ark and the Biblical
cubit
and Imperial system of measure actually have a common accurate
scientific
origin based on the Earth's rotational velocity at the equator,
contrary to
popular belief! Our modern concepts of
ancient
history need to be carefully and objectively restudied for accuracy!